As a tango DJ I spend a lot of my time extending my collection and listening through different repertoires. It’s like a journey through time and styles. Often I recognise that I’m missing some recordings while digging further into one direction. Like very recently I had to admit that my combination possibilities for Fresedo Instrumentals from the 1930’s-1940’s were more than limited. I was trying for quite some time to create a nice tanda around Tigre viejo but the results were less than satisfying. Somehow heteroclitical, like a series which doesn’t fit together. So I was thinking: “Is this possible? I don’t really think that i’m missing the most important Fresedo CD editions.”
If you look at the Osvaldo Fresedo discography you can see that during his long career he quite often hopped between record labels: Brunswick, Odeón, RCA Víctor and later in the 1950s, Columbia and Arte. The biggest part of his catalogue is with Odeón and RCA Víctor and it seems that the instrumental recordings which interested me most are with RCA Víctor (today Sony-BMG) like Pimienta, Julián, El choclo, El irresistible, etc. To my knowledge Sony-BMG hasn’t reedited most of these tangos on CD. But they did in the 1970’s on their famous Camden vinyl series “Osvaldo Fresedo Coleccionista RCA Víctor CAL-3032” and “Osvaldo Fresedo Y Su Orquesta Típica Con Ricardo Ruiz Y Oscar Serpa CAL-2991”. This makes 28 recordings altogether, 14 instrumentals, for which I add here the front and back covers with tracklistings.
- Sound sample: El irresistible Osvaldo Fresedo : Instrumental, 1943
The subtitle of these LPs is “Serie Apoyando El Buen Tango” (Del archivo de grabaciones de RCA Víctor de la época de oro del tango), the aim has been to provide access to a selected 78 RPM catalogue on the newer record media as the record players evolved to pure microgroove devices with RIAA preamplification and weren’t able to read the old 78 RPMs anymore. A situation we know from today where nearly nobody is able to play vinyls anymore and most of the record players are gone, therefore there has been a need to convert the tango catalogue to audio CD or to digital formats which might in their right replace the audio CD in the near future.
The city of Camden which gave the name to this serie is situated in New Jersey, USA, and has been the headquarter of RCA Víctor, centralising all their masters. Nowadays it’s owned by Sony-BMG. It’s also interesting to note that the full Victor catalogue is now available online (with some sound samples) at the Encyclopedic Discography of Victor Recordings. The following video is a documentary about the RCA Víctor Camden plant and you can see how the original recording process worked and how the masters were made:
So these vinyls are actually reeditions of the original 78 RPM recordings. This shows that already back in the 1970’s there has been an interest to listen to tango recordings and that it’s not the CD and the recent tango renaissance which procured us with a direct link to the original recordings. These vinyl reeditions have often been done in perfect analogue quality and they have most certainly lead in one or the other case to the later CD editions.
I have also discovered that much earlier there already existed a specific European market for Argentine tango records! I recently received a 78 RPM shellac from around 1940 from France with Osvaldo Fresedo’s Vuelves on the A side. It has been issued by Disque Gramophone directly in France and while looking at the french Disque Gramophone catalogue more closely, you can see that quite a lot of hard core tango music had been available immediately during the época de oro in Europe. Check out the full His Master’s Voice, The French Catalogue to get an idea of the diversity of available titles. It’s incredible! This allows for the wildest speculations … 😉
Some people claim that most of the important tangos are nowadays available on audio CD or in some ITunes shop and that those which are not, are either bad or without any importance. Like as if an invisible God of tango controlled which recordings should be available today on CD or in the digital form. That’s an opinion I hear quite often, in reality the edition problem is much more complicated. It is to a great extent due to the record companies. Some tango artists have recorded with just one record label, others switched quite often, like Fresedo. When they switched often, the record labels were unable to reissue the complete works because of copyright issues and unavailable masters in their archives. A well known case is certainly Aníbal Troilo who recorded his first two recordings with Odeón in 1938, and from 1941 onwards signed with RCA Víctor. You will therefore not find Comme il faut and Tinta verde on the CD collection Troilo en RCA.
This is followed by the conservation problem. Some masters were destroyed by fire or had to make place for newer recordings after the época de oro and just went into the trash. Check Juan D’Arienzo’s discography concerning his 1930s and 1940s titles, a lot of his best recordings are just missing or are available in terribly bad quality! The same applies to Aníbal Troilo.
Let’s have a look at another beloved tango which is quite often played in the milongas but which is actually a rare recording: Invierno performed by Francisco Canaro with the singer Roberto Maida. There is no official CD version of this tango. I guess most of the versions played in the milongas are quite from the same source, the CdT CD version and maybe an audio copy of the Youtube version (You know this technique where you place a bypass mini-jack to mini-jack cable from the speaker to the microphone socket, start the Youtube movie and record via, for instance, Audacity listening on the microphone socket). I was thinking that the master must have been destroyed but I just hold an EMI triple LP album called “Album XX Aniversario Francisco Canaro EMI4730/2” from 1984, with, guess …, Invierno on it! And I discovered a very beautiful tango called Todo corazón (Julio De Caro) recorded on 17-7-1936 by Canaro. Invierno is edited for the first time on LP on this record, before this there is just the original release on 78RPM, and after it, well, there is not very much …
Short extract of Todo corazón Francisco Canaro : Instrumental 1936, for me one of the most beautiful Francisco Canaro tangos, it’s an interpretation of a Julio De Caro composition
Short extract of Invierno Francisco Canaro : Roberto Maida 1937, almost perfect restoration
“EMI-ODEON agradece a los Sres, Alfredo Contartesi, Boris Puga y Nicolás Stranger, el aporte del valioso material de sus colecciones particulares” is written on the back cover of this album which leaves a doubt about the persistance of the master recordings of some of these tracks. This could also explain why there never has been an official reedition of Invierno on CD.
Being able to process not exclusively audio CD but other formats like LPs, MCs, tapes and 78 RPM records comes in handy and opens up a new world in terms of sound quality and available titles. Most of the second grade labels, described by Johan in his Beginner’s guide to tango record labels as the other labels, often offer tracks in a very bad sound quality, using simply bad preamplification and are for these reasons quite often not playable at a milonga. Once you collect 78 RPM records, you control all filtering, preamplification and very important too, the pitch.
Some people say that the old tango recordings are in a poor quality and therefore a poor format like 100kbit MP3 will do largely. I say the monoroom holds sound recordings of an unbelievable beauty and quality and only the best proceedings with the least filtering will bring you close to your idols, where you have the impression that you can touch them!
what a lovely and informative article! I enjoyed reading it and especially watching the documentation about the production of shellacs a lot!
a small note, “Todo corazón” by Canaro 1936 is also published on a Reliquias CD (Instrumentales de Colección – Reliquias (473886))
Where is the cosy Monoroom?!
You do great work, go on like that!
thank you for the info, i disambiguated the article.
the monoroom is where ever you play mono music 😉
I’m afraid it might be too optimistic to think that the same Argentine recording industry crowd that intentionally set a fire in that Bs As basement room to destroy the masters would take any care when transferring the remaining shellacs to ’33s or CDs. Lantower is notorious for their overly eager noise reduction. Many other labels now issuing tango CDs can’t even be bothered to make sure the transfer is done at the proper speed, not to mention remove clicks or apply proper equalization or compression. While for those of us inside the community it’s difficult to see, tango is still a very small niche, and the market for tango CDs is an even smaller one – hardly worth the effort for a large record company to dig up old ’78s and properly reissue them.
But it’s not just the record labels. Many Argentine DJs flat out refuse to play Canaro tangos in their milongas (or at least did until recently – seems like recent demos with Poema and Invierno may be slowly changing that). Tango teachers often think only in terms of steps, embrace and navigation and make little effort to familiarize beginner or even intermediate level students with the music. And many of us DJs in Europe either guard our special tracks jealously instead of sharing them and creating more musical awareness among the dancers, or we got our start by downloading large numbers of the most popular tracks without learning anything about the songs apart from orchestra names. Finally, it doesn’t help when sound setups at a milonga often include too weak, badly placed or overly bright speakers or a mains hum picked via a ground loop.
To frame it in terms of supply and demand: if we (as dancers, DJs, tango music lovers, etc.) want a tango world in which we can walk into any milonga and find good music that makes us want to dance, we consistently need to play good quality, thoughtfully selected tandas that dancers notice and we need to educate dancers in classes, practicas and milongas until they demand good music to be played.
Thanks for the informative article. I discovered you researching the Jens-Ingo, Album XX Aniversario Francisco Canaro, and determining if I wanted to shell out the cash for it, or not, but listening to the extracts made me a believer. I consider your site a great example of the internet used for good : )
Interestingly, the youtube version of Invierno I stole is faster/pitched higher than yours.